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Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP)

Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) is a common eye disorder of premature / low birth weight babies. It is caused by the abnormal development of the retinal vessels, which is often accompanied by scar tissue. This scar tissue can in turn progress and, if untreated, can impact on the baby’s vision.

Screening is done on babies who are born at less than 32 weeks gestation and /or less than 1250g. Examinations begin between 30 and 33 weeks corrected gestational age, and continue until normal blood vessels have completely developed from the back up to the front of the eye. Eighty percent of ROP will spontaneously resolve and not require treatment. Babies with worsening disease may require further treatment (e.g. laser eye surgery).

Examinations are performed by trained Screening Nurses with the RetCam. Pictures of the eye and blood vessel development are taken and sent to an opthalmologist and opthalmic surgeon for review. Further screening and treatment, if needed, will be determined by them.




Monday, 9 April 2018 3:11:54 PM